00:00    |    
Inicial credits
00:08    |    
Introduction by João Espada
03:12    |    
Karl Popper
Biography 
09:45    |    
Philosophy of knowledge 
10:49    |    
Asymmetry of universal statements
Example of the white swan 
Universal statement refutation 
Scientific knowledge is not a proof 
20:06    |    
Conjectures and refutations  
Activity of science 
Fallibilistic absolutism 
29:56    |    
Political philosophy 
30:13    |    
The open society versus the closed society
The main difference between both
Open society's political regime 
Is democracy the best regime?
Popper's definition of democracy 
48:20    |    
Popper's theory of democracy 
48:53    |    
Old theory
Plato's ideas
Who should rule?
The paradox of democracy
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Democracy
How can you solve the paradox?
What is our question about the best regime?
Differences between questions
01:07:58    |    
How has the western democracy solved this paradox?
Constitutional government
Characteristics
Representative government
Democracy in an open society
Importance of constitution
01:21:05    |    
Isaiah Berlin     
Biography by Michael Ignatieff
01:27:45    |    
Two important questions
Why can people be so violent?
How can we avoid this?
01:31:27    |    
Two concepts of liberty, Isaiah Berlin (2009) 
Differences and confutations 
Political theory is about disagreement
The crucial role of ideas
The central question in politics
Limits of coercion
Cold war
The cold war comes from two concepts
01:49:15    |    
The negative concept of liberty
Example
Absence of coercion 
01:52:12    |    
The positive concept of liberty
Magna carta 
01:57:00    |    
Contrast between both
Economics terms 
Example 
Equally free
Threats to liberty
Equal shares
The problem of obtain and maintain equal distribution 
How is inequality generated? 
Political terms 
Philosophical and cultural terms
Force men to be free
02:23:14    |    
Isaiah's final conclusion
02:29:22    |    
Final credits



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Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought (Session 2)

13 de enero de 2016   | Vistas: 7 |  

Karl Popper was one of the most influential philosopher of the 20th century. João Espada analyses Popper´s arguments on the book "The open society and it enemies". He presents an in-depth analysis of Popper's philosophy of knowledge, political philosophy and theory of democracy. Then he discusses the arguments of liberty proposed by Isaiah Berlin. He presents the positive and negative concept of liberty and the contrast between both.




IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín

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