Robert Higgs is senior fellow in Political Economy for The Independent Institute and editor of The Independent Review. He taught at the University of Washington, Lafayette College, Seattle University, and the University of Economics, Prague. He was a visiting scholar at Oxford University and Stanford University, and a fellow for the Hoover Institution and the National Science Foundation. He is author of Depression, War, and Cold War; Neither Liberty Nor Safety; Politická ekonomie strachu (The Political Economy of Fear, in Czech); Resurgence of the Warfare State, Against Leviathan, The Transformation of the American Economy 1865-1914; Competition and Coercion, and Crisis and Leviathan. Higgs holds a PhD in economics from Johns Hopkins University.