Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:24    |    
    Charles Darwin's 200th birthday
  • 00:33    |    
    On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin
    • Controversy
    • Falsifiability
    • Karl Popper
    • Knowing when to leave a question
    • Theory of natural selection
    • Human fertility patterns
      • What is a species?
      • Phylogeny
      • Evolution of complexity
      • William Paley's teleological argument
      • The Blind Watchmaker, Richard Dawkins
  • 07:40    |    
    Natural selection
    • Heritable variation
    • Homicidal men of a Dutch family
    • Falsifiability
    • Knowing when to leave a question
    • Honeybees example
  • 12:16    |    
    Sex differences
    • Parents' influence on baby boys and girls
    • Anisogamy
      • Characteristics of eggs and sperm
      • Disruptive selection
      • Successful organisms
      • Successful gametes
  • 20:07    |    
    Survivorship curve
    • Mating effort
    • Parental effort
    • Robert Triver's parent-offspring conflict
    • Elephant seals example
      • Males
      • Females
    • Signals
    • "Unbluffably expensive"
  • 31:00    |    
    Human behavioral ecology
    • Social environment
    • The Woman Warrior, Maxine Hong Kingston
  • 33:46    |    
    Sexual and social differences between humans and primates
    • Huge variation
    • Mating systems
    • Human traits
      • Age at weaning and maturity
      • Neonatal brains
    • Life patterns
    • Biologists' definition of population
    • Sociality
  • 44:09    |    
    Traditional societies
    • Marriage patterns
    • Yanomamo society
    • Unokai
    • Yomut Turkmen society
    • Different treatment for boys and girls
  • 48:52    |    
    Historical societies
    • Family lines
    • Swedish society
      • Differences among poor and rich girls
      • Differences among poor and rich boys
  • 51:44    |    
    Modern societies
    • Population
    • Women's age when first child is born
    • Average age at first birth in New Zealand
    • Differences between women's lives around the world
    • Reproductive costs
    • "The Fifty Most Powerful Women in American Business," Fortune magazine
    • Darwin on number of babies and investment in each one
    • Investment in offspring
    • Women, fertility and policy
  • 58:34.5    |    
    Bottom lines
  • 59:27    |    
    Comment and question period
    • Longevity of women in Spain
    • Value of a woman's education and background
    • What would Darwin think about consciousness and commitment in nature? How would he explain the higher fertility and population rates in poor societiesn like Latin American and Africa?
      • Consciousness and commitment
      • Self-awareness
      • Higher fertility in poor societies
      • United Nations Development Programme data on life expectancy and World Bank data on age-specific fertility
      • Total fertility rate (TFR)
    • Why aren't humans hermaphrodite?
    • How would Darwin explain a woman having eight babies at a time?
    • Is the sex ratio in humans about 50/50?
    • How much have fertility rates been affected by contraception? What are the evolutionary reasons behind homosexuality?
    • Does sperm have disadvantages due to its lesser heritability?
    • José Ortega y Gasset on the difference between animals and humans. Is the middle ground a parent?
  • 01:18:41    |    
    Final credits


A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior: How Darwin’s Dangerous Idea Matters Today

12 de febrero de 2009   | Vistas: 678
New Media

In this conference, Bobbi S. Low discusses Charles Darwin and the significance of his classic book On the Origin of Species. She talks about the theory of natural selection, sex differences among various species including humans, and the implications of parental investment in the next generation. Low also compares life patterns among primates and humans and explores how marriage and mating systems are played out in both traditional and modern societies.



Conferencista

Bobbi S. Low is a professor at the School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE) and a research affiliate of…


IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín