Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:19    |    
    Doubts about the previous class
  • 04:17    |    
    The history of philosophy
  • 04:17    |    
    Greek philosophy
    • Socrates, Plato and Aristotle's influence on classical liberal thinking
    • The Platonic ideal of totalitarianism
      • The ideal of ethics for Plato
      • The Republic
    • Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich A. Hayek's analysis of democracy and nationalistic thinking
    • Aristotle's influence in Austrian economics
      • The controversy between Sir Karl Popper and the Vienna Circle
      • Aristotle and the golden mean
  • 36:56    |    
    St. Augustine, St. Albertus Magnus and St. Thomas Aquinas
    • St Augustine's philosophy
    • St. Albertus Magnus ideal of the labor theory of value
    • St. Thomas Aquinas' philosophy
  • 45:08    |    
    Hugo Grotius, the first liberal thinker
  • 48:56    |    
    Puffendorf's concept of law
  • 53:38    |    
    The social contract
    • The contract as a mean of preventing social disorders
    • Jürgen Habermas' ethics of language
    • The direction of evolution
  • 01:11:14    |    
    Thomas Hobbes and the Leviathan
  • 01:13:37    |    
    John Locke's philosophy
    • His contribution to the labor theory of value
    • The State's function of protecting private property
    • The source of value
  • 01:24:47    |    
    A philosophical question: Is there such thing as a thing as such?
    • What is the point of language if the meaning is subjective?
    • Can there be a coincidence in the subjective interpretations?
    • Can we say that it is of interest to all individuals to use a common medium of exchange?
    • Can we agree on a minimum of abstract laws?
  • 01:49:44    |    
    Final credits


Clashing Sides: The Concepts of Justice, Freedom, Ethics and Markets (Part 2)

New Media  | 09 de febrero de 2004  | Vistas: 376

About this video

Kurt Leube, a disciple of Friedrich A. von Hayek, gives the second part of his lecture, focusing on the various philosophies that have arisen throughout the history. He illustrates the Platonic idea of totalitarianism, the influence of other Greek philosophers in Austrian economics, and briefly explains the theories made by St. Augustine, St. Albertus Magnus and St. Thomas Aquinas. He comments on the elaboration on Aristotle’s theory made by Hugo Grotius, who is considered to be the first liberal thinker; he also points out the absurdity of Samuel von Pufendorf’s concept of law, a concept that argues rules are the natural obligation to follow the law of nature. He also analyzes Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract; praises Thomas Hobbes's The Leviathan, and explains John Locke’s philosophy, stating that one is ethically entitled to the fruits of ones’ labor and that Locke’s idea of the State having to provide security over private property is a contradiction.

Credits

Ciclo de Conferencias Clashing Sides: The Concepts of Justice, Freedom, Ethics and Markets
Kurt Leube

Edificio Académico, D- 405
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Guatemala, February 9, 2004

A New Media - UFM production. Guatemala, February 2004
Camera: Alexander Arauz; digital editing: Rebeca Zuñiga; index: Jorge Estrada; synopsis: Sebastian del Buey; synopsis reviser: Daphne Ortiz; XML: Fernando De León




Conferencista

Kurt Leube is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution of…

IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín