• 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:25    |    
  • 01:37    |    
    Meaning of the term "longitudinal"
  • Vertical fractures
  • 03:14    |    
    Confusion between cracks and fractures
    • Difficulties
    • Literature and articles
  • 05:24    |    
    Classification of fractures
  • American Association of Endodontists (AAE)
  • 07:30    |    
    Diagnosis versus detection
  • 08:21    |    
    Classification system
    • Comparison of different classifications
    • Difference between longitudinal and traumatic fractures
  • 10:53    |    
    Craze line
    • Prevalence
    • Craze lines and cracks
  • 13:08    |    
    Cuspal fracture
    • Distinction between cracks and fractures
    • Identifying cuspal fractures
    • Iatrogenic placement of a filling
    • Determining type of fracture
    • Enamel opacity
    • Tooth Slooth
    • Transillumination unit
      • How to use it?
      • Light reflection
      • Importance of transillumination
    • Bacteria
    • Transillumination example
    • Probing measurements
    • Narrow isolated probing defect
  • 31:3.5    |    
    Cracked tooth
    • Definitions
    • Orientation and symptoms
    • Treatment and prognosis
    • Difference between cracked tooth and cuspal fracture
    • Difficulty seeing extent of cracks
    • Three dimensional scans
    • Science and studies
      • Incomplete crown-root fractures
      • Cracked tooth syndrome
      • Green-stick fracture
    • Removing a crack
    • Syndrome and snydrome
    • Different extents of the crack
    • Transillumination
    • Case example
    • Split tooth
    • Treatment for a cracked tooth
    • Filling material
    • Six Years Evaluation of Cracked Teeth Diagnosed with Reversible Pulpitis: Treatment and Prognosis, Keith V. Krell and Eric M. Rivera
  • 52:38    |    
    Split tooth
  • Differences between cuspal fracture, cracked tooth and split tooth
  • 53:48    |    
    Vertical root fracture
    • Direction
    • What is inside the fracture?
  • 57:30    |    
    Final words
  • 58:10    |    
    Final credits

Complex Endodontic Diagnosis: Longitudinal Tooth Fractures

New Media  | 05 de agosto de 2009  | Vistas: 133

About this video

In this second conference designed for Universidad Francisco Marroquín dentistry students, Eric Rivera looks at longitudinal tooth fractures. He discusses five different kinds of fractures: craze line, cuspal fracture, cracked tooth, split tooth, and vertical root fracture.  Rivera explains that each one of these dental problems has specific characteristics and symptoms, which he goes into in detail.  Rivera also delves into the classic confusion between cracks and fractures; clarifying the issue based on his clinical experience and the academic literature. He also recommends certain techniques and specific equipment to identify each one of these complex problems.


Complex Endodontic Diagnosis: Longitudinal Tooth Fractures
Eric M. Rivera

Milton Friedman Auditorium
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Guatemala, August 5, 2009

New Media - UFM production. Guatemala, September 2009. 
Camera: Joni Vasquez, Mario Estrada; digital editing: Luis Barrueto; index and synopsis: Diana Pishquí; content revisers: Daphne Ortiz, Jennifer Keller; publication: Mario Pivaral/Carlos Petz


Eric M. Rivera is an expert in the field of endodontics.…


Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín