Transcript
  • 00:00    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:06    |    
    Introduction
    • Contents of the conference
    • The future of learning
    • Difference between teaching and learning
    • Word map
    • Why is "teaching" missing from the word map?
  • 03:49    |    
    Where did the educational system come from?
    • Structure and development of the amphitheater
    • Structure and design of the classroom regarding the physiology of the teacher
  • 06:10    |    
    What does the educational system produce?
    • The age of empires
    • How do you administer a world-wide empire in an age previous to the industrial revolution?
    • How would you produce people who do what you need them to do?
    • Soldiers
    • Data processors
    • Reading, writing, arithmetic and not ask questions
    • Proletariat
    • Dangers of a creative worker
    • Do your work, follow orders and not ask questions
    • Education industry and its present day failures
    • Schools are obsolete
  • 13:00    |    
    Obsolescence and dematerialisation
    • Examples of dematerialisation
    • Slide rule
    • Vinyl and radiogram
    • Analog camera
    • Maps
    • Example of dematerialisation in transportation
    • Invention of the internal combustion engine
    • What will happen to the automobile?
    • Driver-less car and its effect on the idea of driving
    • Applying the metaphor to education
    • The idea of learning has to go away
    • Will knowing be obsolete?
  • 22:30    |    
    Dematerialization of concepts
    • The hole in the wall
    • Programming and teaching
    • What is the point of teaching?
    • How to teach programming the right way
    • Teaching the boys from the slums
    • Do it yourself ATM
    • First life-changing moment: what is the computer for?
    • Second life-changing moment: why the children did nothing?
    • Repetition of the experiments
  • 30:45    |    
    Conditions of the experiment
    • Large computer screen, safe public space, no supervision of any kind
    • Nature of learning
    • Quote, n Sugata Mitra (2005)
    • Low-cost private schools
    • How to change the pronunciation: speech to text software
    • Learners invented the pedagogy
    • Limits of the public internet learning method
    • Learning undergraduate biology in the streets experiment
    • Life changing moment
    • An educational impossibility
    • Using the method of the grandmother
    • The new way of education
    • Groups of children, using the Internet, can learn anything by themselves
    • Millionaire (2009)
    • Searching for British Grandmothers: "the granny cloud"
    • Changing the English comprehension
  • 45:49    |    
    Self-Organized Learning Enviroment (SOLE)
    • Structure of the new classroom
    • Big questions and its effects
    • Engaging with the right question
    • Problem with the method: the examination
    • School in Mexico that uses self-organized learning
    • New paradigms in sports
  • 51:25    |    
    Final words: the challenge of assessment
    • How does an office look like?
    • Asking the important questions and the problem of evaluation
    • Changing the whole system
    • TED Prize (2013)
    • Student centers
    • Korakati school in the wall in Sundarbans, India
    • Cochran school in the wall in Bengal, India
    • How does a self-organized environment work?
    • Spontaneous order in a chaotic organized system
    • Emergent phenomenon at the edge of chaos
  • 01:01:03    |    
    Question and answer period
    • What is going to happen to the teachers?
    • Have you worked in areas that do not have Internet? Could you share your experience?
    • What kind of environment should educators provide so people can learn?
    • Will every learning topic work with this educational system?
  • 01:11:05    |    
    Final credits


Lección inaugural 2015: The Future of Learning

New Media  | 19 de enero de 2015  | Vistas: 35

Sugata Mitra, a renowned pedagogue, expounds the new trends regarding the educational system that will forever alter the way we teach children. He starts by criticizing the old way of teaching that has its roots in the Enlightenment and western imperial expansion. This old method is constantly becoming more obsolete with the advent of the internet and explosion of information. The new paradigms of education stem from self-learners and their pursuit to solving problems. 

Teachers have a new role to play; they build questions instead of seeking answers."

Later he discusses where did the educational system came from and the structure and design of the classroom regarding the physiology of the teacher. With an analogy of soldiers he explains how education used to prohibit asking questions, creativity was a danger and people was expected to do their work and follow orders. 

"The system is obsolete. It is obsolete because we made it obsolete."

Mitra also talks about the dematerialization of certain things and concepts through time, such as the analog camera, maps, and the vinyl and radiogram and applies this metaphor to education. Sugata is famously known for his "Hole in the Wall" experiment that proves that Self-Organized Learning Enviroments (SOLE) develops learners for the new century, which he detailedly describes. He ends his talk by disclosing the challenge of assessment and how it can be fixed.

Watch more Inaugural Lessons:


Conferencista

Sugata is professor of Educational Technology at the School of Education,…

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Universidad Francisco Marroquín