• 00:00    |    
    Inicial credits
  • 00:08    |    
    Introduction by João Espada
  • 00:38    |    
    Michael Oakeshott
    • Biography
    • Volunteer in the second world war
    • London School of Economics
  • 06:21    |    
    Two main approaches to politics
    • Politics of faith and politics of skepticism
    • Where would he put conservatism?
    • Conservatism as politics of skepticism
    • What has been the main expression of politics of faith?
    • The rationalism in politics
  • 20:11    |    
    Politics of faith
    • Politics of perfection
    • Compared with the skeptical condition
    • Politics of uniformity
    • Equality from rationalism
    • Modern education
    • Politics of centralization
    • Politics of intolerance
    • Why modern rationalism will lead to intolerance?
    • Existing ways of life
    • Example in education
  • 48:38    |    
    Politics of skepticism
    • In favor of variety
    • In favor of decentralized decision making
    • Politics of toleration
    • The state as a conductor
    • The state as the umpire
    • What is the main purpose of the law?
    • What is the core of politics of skepticism?
    • Civil and enterprise association
    • Michael Oakeshott as a liberal conservative
    • Liberty and personal responsibility
  • 01:19:28    |    
    Friedrich Hayek
    • Two types of social orders
    • Made order and spontaneous order
    • Differences between both orders
    • Examples of spontaneous orders
    • Lenguajes as the result of interactions
    • Esperanto: Universal lenguaje
    • Planned economy vs market economy
  • 01:39:53    |    
    Main differences between "made order and spontaneous order"
    • Unifying purpose
    • Specific functions
    • Specific places
    • Specific commands
  • 01:50:29    |    
    How does spontaneous order works?
    • People learn by experience
    • General rules of good conduct
    • Rules of protection of liberty and property
  • 01:59:53    |    
    Which order would be more efficient?
    • People pursue their own purposes
    • A different point of view
    • It depends on the purpose
    • Many organizations in a free society
    • A variety of purposes
    • Lack of knowledge
    • Pursuit of individual interest (purpose)
    • No guaranteed results
  • 02:20:56    |    
    Examples of planned economies
    • Steel production
    • Less quality, more expensive
    • Consequences in production
  • 02:28:34    |    
    Final credits

Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought (Session 3)

New Media  | 13 de enero de 2016  | Vistas: 65

During the third session of the seminar "Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought", João Espada analyses the ideas of Michael Oakeshott, considered as one of the most original British political thinker of the 20th Century. He began explaining the two main approaches to politics, politics of faith and politics of skepticism. João Espada explores the main characteristics of each politic, the differences between both and also gives some examples. During the seminar, Espada also presents and analyses the ideas of Hayek. He explains the two main types of social orders: made order and spontaneous order. He based his explanations on practical examples that help understand the result of the application of both orders. He concludes that in a market economy, as a spontaneous order, lets every person to pursuit his own purposes and at the end this creates wellness and wealth.



Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín