00:00    |    
Inicial  credits
00:08    |    
Introduction by João Espada 
00:38    |    
Michael Oakeshott
Volunteer in the second world war
London School of Economics 
06:21    |    
Two main approaches to politics 
Politics of faith and politics of skepticism
Where would he put conservatism?
Conservatism as politics of skepticism
What has been the main expression of politics of faith?
The rationalism in politics 
20:11    |    
Politics of faith
Politics of perfection
Compared with the skeptical condition 
Politics of uniformity 
Equality from rationalism
Modern education 
Politics of centralization 
Politics of intolerance 
Why modern rationalism will lead to intolerance?
Existing ways of life
Example in education 
48:38    |    
Politics of skepticism
In favor of variety 
In favor of decentralized decision making 
Politics of toleration 
The state as a conductor 
The state as the umpire  
What is the main purpose of the law?
What is the core of politics of skepticism?
Civil and enterprise association 
Michael Oakeshott as a liberal conservative 
Liberty and personal responsibility 
01:19:28    |    
Friedrich Hayek
Two types of social orders 
Made order and spontaneous order
Differences between both orders 
Examples of spontaneous orders
Lenguajes as the result of interactions 
Esperanto: Universal lenguaje 
Planned economy vs market economy
01:39:53    |    
Main differences between "made order and spontaneous order"
Unifying purpose
Specific functions
Specific places
Specific commands  
01:50:29    |    
How does  spontaneous order works?
People learn by experience 
General rules of good conduct 
Rules of protection of liberty and property 
01:59:53    |    
Which order would be more efficient?
People pursue their own purposes 
A different point of view 
It depends on the purpose  
Many organizations in a free society 
A variety of purposes
Lack of knowledge
Pursuit of individual interest (purpose)
No guaranteed results 
02:20:56    |    
Examples of planned economies 
Steel production 
Less quality, more expensive 
Consequences in production 
02:28:34    |    
Final credits




Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought (Session 3)

13 de enero de 2016   | Vistas: 7 |  

During the third session of the seminar "Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought", João Espada analyses the ideas of Michael Oakeshott, considered as one of the most original British political thinker of the 20th Century. He began explaining the two main approaches to politics, politics of faith and politics of skepticism. João Espada explores the main characteristics of each politic, the differences between both and also gives some examples. During the seminar, Espada also presents and analyses the ideas of Hayek. He explains the two main types of social orders: made order and spontaneous order. He based his explanations on practical examples that help understand the result of the application of both orders. He concludes that in a market economy, as a spontaneous order, lets every person to pursuit his own purposes and at the end this creates wellness and wealth.


Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín