Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:25    |    
    Introduction
  • 02:49.5    |    
    Gangs and other transnational criminal organizations (TCOs)
    • Origins of Central American gangs
    • Mara Salvatrucha (MS)
    • The greatest fear
      • Murder rates
      • Guatemala
      • Colombia
  • 08:28.80000000000001    |    
    TCOs
    • MS 13 and MS 18, El Salvador
    • Posses, Jamaica
    • Pseudo Militaries, Colombia
    • Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC), Brazil
      • Riots in São Paulo, 2006
      • Networking
      • PCC prisoners and the 2006 FIFA World Cup
      • Function of PCC lawyers
    • Mafia
    • War lords and drug barons
    • Insurgency leaders
  • 18:37.5    |    
    TCO activities
    • Smuggling
    • Home and community invasion
    • Jamaican Posses
  • 20:29    |    
    Motives
    • Commercial and ideological motives
    • Al-Qaeda
    • What is the main objective of Al-Qaeda?
    • Hezbollah
    • Would you categorize Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) as an ideological gang?
    • Al-Qaeda in Spain
    • Morocco
    • What should be done when violence becomes normalized in society?
      • Political will
      • United Nations (UN) intervention
      • Can different socioeconomic groups work together?
  • 33:55.200000000000045    |    
    Three generations of gangs
    • First generation
    • Second generation
    • Gangs deciding the course of a country
    • Third generation
    • Why do gangs have more power than the government?
  • 40:36    |    
    Discussion period
    • Changing paradigms
    • A national security problem
    • What role should human rights play?
    • Code of Hammurabi
    • What role should the military play in Latin American countries?
      • Training and education for law enforcement entities
      • Opposition between the military and the police
    • A new law enforcement entity
    • Why hasn't the United States intervened in Central America and Mexico?
    • A criminal state
    • What does President Barack Obama think about when he wakes up in the morning?
    • Issues plaguing the United States
    • Where else can we get help besides the UN or OAS?
    • Ineffective judicial system
    • Failed internal institutions
    • Spain
      • Francisco Franco's authoritarian dictatorship
      • Development
      • European Union (EU) support
    • Changing Guatemala's constitution
  • 01:11:35    |    
    Gang structure
    • Sympathizers, aspirants and nobodies
    • Efficiency of the structure
  • 01:14:32.30000000000018    |    
    Multi-level set of threats
    • First and second generations
    • Neopopulists
  • 01:16:05    |    
    Linkage between gangs, TCOs and insurgents
  • War
  • 01:16:55    |    
    Examples
    • Erosion of democracy
    • Intimidation
    • Erosion of the state
    • General will
    • Quintana Roo and Sinaloa
    • Implications
  • 01:22:40    |    
    Challenge
  • 01:23:16    |    
    Main task
    • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll
    • End state planning
  • 01:26:59.5    |    
    Headlines
  • 01:28:24.5    |    
    Final words
  • 01:28:36    |    
    Final credits


Seminar Unconventional Conflicts Precipitated by Non-State Actors (Day 3)

New Media  | 26 de junio de 2009  | Vistas: 23

In this video, Max Manwaring explores the world of gangs and transnational criminal organizations (TCOs), in particular their impact on national security and state sovereignty. He begins by describing the origins of Central American gangs and other TCOs and explains how they evolved into entities capable of taking over entire countries. Transnational criminal organizations pose many different threats around the world; Manwaring describes their structure, global network, principal activities, and motives. These organizations have undergone a three-generation evolutionary process and today represent one of the most dangerous menaces to law enforcement in Latin America and around the world. Manwaring explains what needs to be done to eliminate these threats, focusing on solutions that have worked in other regions and that could be adapted to Guatemala.


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