• 00:00    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:20    |    
  • 00:50    |    
    Legal empowerment of the poor
    • Legal rights
    • Rule of law application
    • Property rights
  • 04:17    |    
    Labor laws and business rights
  • 05:38    |    
    Institutional complexity
  • 07:11    |    
    Correct use of the law to help poor people
  • De facto and de jure law regarding legislation
  • 10:04    |    
    Differences between legislation and law
  • 12:18    |    
    Evolutionary nature of the law
  • 12:49    |    
    Legal empowerment of the poor´s basic purposes
  • 13:57    |    
    Stability and predictability of the law
    • Property security
    • General security
    • Contract and trade security
    • Access to diverse markets
  • 22:17    |    
    Examples of legal empowerment of the poor
  • 25:54    |    
    Importance of stakeholders
  • Institutional change
  • 27:46    |    
    Microfinance as a tool for legal empowerment
  • Microinsurances for the poor
  • 30:54    |    
    Integral changes to the legal systems
  • Evolution of banking services
  • 34:48    |    
    Liberalization as empowerment in Rwanda
    • Post-totalitarian regime policies
    • Support from NGOs and donors
    • Liberalization results
    • Productiveness of coffee cooperatives
    • Food security promotion in Africa
      • Legal challenges for food security
      • Food aid programs
  • 49:00    |    
    • Inefficient property rights system in South Africa
    • Embeddedness of institutions
    • Problems with belief systems
  • 58:44    |    
    Process view of legal and economical reforms
  • 01:00:50    |    
    Decentralization and devolution programs
  • Problems with decentralization
  • 01:04:48    |    
    Commercial restrictions
  • 01:05:58    |    
    Control of resources on local levels
  • 01:08:26    |    
    Wildlife income programs
  • 01:10:14    |    
    • De facto and de jure current gap
    • Devolution strategies
  • 01:14:44    |    
    Question and answer period
    • Comments on the banking system in Africa and the initiative for starting a policy change in benefit of poor people
    • In your experience, who needs to start the process of change and what should be the first step?
      • Fear of bancarization
      • Regulations on money transactions
    • Efficient law enforcement by the state
    • Influence of culture in the rule of law
    • Comments on the judicial system and the efficiency of legal empowerment
      • Welfare state program issues
      • Government welfare programs that create social division and illegitimate legal empowerment
      • Dependancy upon government
  • 01:48:23    |    
    Final words
  • 01:49:49    |    
    Final credits

Legal Empowerment, Poverty Alleviation and Process

New Media  | 05 de julio de 2010  | Vistas: 38

One of the main problems that underdeveloped countries face is the high rates of poverty and insecurity which affect the quality of life of the majority of the population.  In this conference, Karol Boudreaux explains several consequences such problems generate in a society, and presents ideas to empower the poor and enable them to succeed by their own and individual means.  She describes how the lack of securities, such as a solid rule of law, can lead to poverty and also explains how they should be preserved and promoted in every sense.  She elucidates on the important role that the government plays regarding poverty alleviation and legal empowerment.  She presents the interesting case of Rwanda, which by the liberalization and decentralization of its internal systems has set an example of development to the whole world. Boudreaux states that a change in public policies, institutional, legal, and economic reforms, will successfully lead to productiveness and wealth creation for poor individuals.


Karol Boudreaux is a senior fellow at the Mercantus Center and…