• 00:00    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:06    |    
    Introduction by João Carlos Espada
  • 01:15    |    
    Organization of ideas
    • Why did the liberal democracy in Europe collapse?
    • Why did the second world war occurred?
  • 11:46    |    
    Who was the main opponent of nazis?
    • Ideas play a crucial role in politics and history
    • Quote, n , Friedrich Hayek (1944)
    • Capitalism and socialism during the second world war
    • Change in the perception of power in society
  • 24:22    |    
    , Friedrich List (1885)
  • The school of Adam Smith
  • 26:57    |    
    Private and national economy
    • Differences with communism
    • Exhibit of the ignorance of national interests
  • 34:35    |    
    Ideas from Adam Smith
    • Ideal of free trade
    • Limited government
    • Decentralised decision making
  • 40:29    |    
    Protection of national industries
    • Protected trade
    • System of individual economy
    • What was the main impact after writing this book?
    • How do world leaders react to these ideas?
    • What circumstances and theories influenced the writer?
  • 55:53    |    
    , Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx (1848)
    • Scientific socialism
    • Iron laws of history
  • 01:00:17    |    
    Modes of economic production
    • Primitive communism
    • Slavery
    • Feudalism
    • Capitalism
    • Moral point of view
  • 01:07:02    |    
    Class struggle
    • The bourgeoisie
    • The proletariat
    • The lower middle class
    • Open civil war
    • Abolish of the class struggle
    • Marx and principles of freedom
    • A scientific critique to Adam Smith's ideas
    • Peasants and proletarians
    • The real question: a sense of history
  • 01:29:18    |    
    Popper's critique to Marx
    • Absence of the moral dimension
    • Example of Ukrainian peasants
  • 01:34:26    |    
    Carl Schmitt
    • 19th century conventionalism
    • Main features of the 19th century
    • Main changes of the 20th century
    • Society was taking control of the state
    • Political parties organized civil life
    • Total state
    • A single will
    • Final conclusions
  • 01:56:37    |    
    Finals credits

Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought (Session 1)

New Media  | 11 de enero de 2016  | Vistas: 269

In the first session of the seminar "Main Debates in 20th Century Political Thought", professor João Espada presented two main questions: Why did the liberal democracy in Europe collapse? Why did the second world war occurred? He began explaining that before the first world war, the liberal democracy was the normal political regime but then this regimen collapsed. During the second world war some people often thought that Hitler represented capitalist against the socialism of the Soviet Union. Since that time, people has been thinking about the power structure in society and the role of government.

During this session, João Espada explores four authors' views related to free trade, limited government, decentralised decision making, private property and market economy. He analyses the ideas of Friedrich List, who based his writings in the school of Adam Smith and wrote about protected trade, individual economy and public economy. Then he analyses the Communist Manifesto, written by Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx, and explains some topics related to the scientific socialism like iron laws of history, modes of economic production, the bourgeoisie and the class struggle. He mentions Popper's critique to Marx, related to the absence of the moral dimension in his theory. Finally he analyses the ideas proposed by Carl Schmitt related to political parties and a total state.


Professor of political studies and director of the Institute for Political…


Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín