Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:20    |    
    Luis Figueroa: Welcome
  • 00:46    |    
    Giancarlo Ibárgüen: Introduction
  • 03:16    |    
    Mart Laar: Estonia, the Baltic tiger
    • Geographical location
    • Estonia: Clash between Western and Eastern cultures
  • 05:41    |    
    Political history
    • Second World War
    • Estonian partisan war
    • War casualties
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
    • Estonian independence (1992)
    • The Soviet reality: Scarcity of goods
  • 12:33    |    
    Economic and social situation in 1992
    • Democratic elections of 1994: Start of reforms
    • Vision of the cabinet
      • Don't be afraid to make unpopular reforms
      • Ambitious goals and objectives
  • 19:52    |    
    Model of success
    • Monetary reform
    • Open economy
    • The Rule of Law
    • Privatization
    • The tax revolution
    • Effects of the flat tax
      • Increased fiscal revenues
      • Eagerness to pay tax
      • Faster growth
      • Creation of owners
      • Economic freedom
  • 35:00    |    
    Economic and social situation in 2005
    • eEstonia: Virtual government
    • Development of the ID card
    • Skype communication system
  • 41:37    |    
    Conclusions
    • The disadvantages of populism
    • Lesson: Achieve the miracle
  • 45:07    |    
    Questions
    • Will future Estonian politicians maintain your reforms or restore the Soviet system?
    • What obstacles are keeping Latin American countries from becoming tigers?
    • What advice do you have for Mexican president Felipe Calderón?
  • 52:45    |    
    Giancarlo Ibárgüen: Words of acknowledgment
  • 54:01    |    
    Final credits


The Baltic Tiger: How Estonia Did It

New Media  | 14 de septiembre de 2006  | Vistas: 4821

Mart Laar lectures on the transformation that Estonia went through due to its various reforms, which took place after the collapse of the Soviet Union. He offers a brief description of this country’s geographical location and explains that it is the cause this nation has been on the borders of two different civilizations: Western and Eastern cultures. He also shares a political history of how, because of its location, it has been a trading nation and how it became part of the Soviet Union as a result of World War II. He also makes a comparison between Estonia’s economic and social situation in 1992 and 2005. The improvements that this country has achieved are due to the monetary reform and the privatization that has taken place. Furthermore, Mart Laar illustrates Estonia’s success by mentioning the creation of Skype, which is a world renowned innovation created in this nation.




Conferencista

Mart Laar is the former prime minister of Estonia where he…