Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:20    |    
    Roberto Blum: Presentation of Donald Livingston
  • 01:22    |    
    Introduction
    • The Moral Order
    • Reason and morality
  • 03:40    |    
    Types of morality
    • Aristotelian morality: Transformation of human dispositions
      • Development of speech
      • Human excellence: What is man´s purpose?
      • Virtues humans should develop
      • Moral virtues
    • Differences among the Aristotelian moral philosophies
      • Aristotle´s philosophy
      • St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas: Revelation
    • Modern morality
      • Kant's morality: The Supreme Moral Law
      • Mill's morality: The Rule Which Promotes the Greatest Happiness
  • 19:01    |    
    Reason and purpose: Differences between traditional and modern philosophy
    • Aristotle: Man, a functional concept
    • Hume´s rejection of the idea of a human telos
      • Tradition: Where human excellence is to be found
      • Examples of things without a telos
      • Excellence in human life without a telos
      • The Virtue Moralists
    • Hume's notion of reason
      • Rule-governed moralists
      • The traditional character of reason
      • Example: The language of a primitive society
      • Kinds of knowledge
        • "Knowing How"
        • "Knowing That"
      • The essence of scientific knowledge
    • The primacy of practical knowledge
    • The idea of Kant and Mill: The primacy of abstracted knowledge
  • 37:57    |    
    Hume's moral philosophy
    • Tradition: A pre-reflecive knowledge
    • The rationalists need for absolutely certain principles
    • Example: The paradoxes of classical mechanics and the origin of quantum mechanics
    • Moral certainty is retrospective
    • Relativism: The consequence of an absence of moral tradition
    • What is man? What motivates human behavior?
      • Self-Love
      • Love of Others
    • The value of social virtues
      • Admiration of social virtues
      • Self-Love: The conscious recognition of your own worth
        • Example: Alexander the Great
        • Example: Socrates
      • Love of Others: Its limitations
        • Loving Mankind: A system of justice
        • The laws of nature
    • Justice and the morality of an action: The motive
      • A paradox: Is there a moral motive to justice?
      • The moral motive for justice: Understanding the benevolence of a system
    • Political theory and moral tradition
  • 01:00:48    |    
    Question
  • Why does Hume say that morality is derived from sentiments rather than practical rationality?
  • 01:04:06    |    
    Final words
  • 01:04:15    |    
    Final credits


Hume’s Moral Philosophy

New Media  | 20 de abril de 2006  | Vistas: 3378

About this video

Donald Livingston discusses moral philosophy according to David Hume. He comments on the objective view of morality and gives a brief explanation of the moral order. Livingston compares Aristotle’s thoughts and those of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. He also illustrates modern morality, which is exemplified by Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. He talks about tradition and modern philosophy and shares the views of Hume and Aristotle on the subject of human function; he also discusses Hume’s notion of reason and morality. According to Livingston, Hume believed in tradition as the place where human excellence can be found. Furthermore, he explores Hume’s beliefs and comments on moral certainty, the value of social virtues, and the relationship between political theory and moral tradition according to this renowned thinker.



Credits

Hume's Moral Philosophy
Donald Livingston

Friedrich A. Hayek Auditorium
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Guatemala, April 20, 2006

A New Media - UFM production. Guatemala, April 2006
Camera: Jorge Samayoa, Rodrigo Escalante; digital editing: Alexander Arauz; index: Christiaan Ketelaar; synopsis: Sebastian del Buey; synopsis reviser: Daphne Ortiz; publication: Pedro David Españabr/>



Conferencista

Donald Livingston is an American philosophy professor at Emory University that…

IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín