00:01    |    
Initial credits
00:24    |    
Introduction
02:52    |    
Rights in the United States
Twentieth century
Financial crisis
U.S. success and failure
08:05    |    
Objective foundation for principle of rights
09:09    |    
Radical ideas on Ayn Rand
11:14    |    
Outline of seminar
13:15    |    
Common theories of rights
13:48    |    
Approaches to rights in history
Rights come from God
Existence of God
Rights come from society
Social consensus
Quotations from advocates
Freedoms of action granted by law
Rights come from nature
Natural moral law
History of natural law
Source of natural rights
22:28    |    
Rights theorists
23:40    |    
Problems with the theories
23:50    |    
Rights come from God
Evidence of existence
Faith
25:59    |    
Rights come from society
Inexistence of rights
28:32    |    
Rights come from nature
What is the natural source of rights?
John Locke's view
God
Quotes John Locke
John Locke's definition of the law of nature
Quotes Thomas Jefferson
Quotes John Adams
Quotes Claude Frédéric Bastiat 
Moral law
Quotes Hugo Grotius
Anchoring laws in nature
Definition of moral laws
Lack of specificity regarding moral laws 
Absence of demonstrable proof
Quotes John N. Gray
45:13    |    
Ontology
47:34    |    
Fundamental branches of philosophy
Metaphysics
One reality
49:37    |    
Freedom to act
51:05    |    
Ethics
51:52    |    
Mistake of Milton Friedman
Axioms
53:36    |    
Origin of moral principles
The is-ought dichotomy
The naturalistic fallacy
Goals
Morality
Pursuit of ends
Justification of goals
Derivation of moral principles
Quotes Charlie Dunbar Broad
Moral subjectivism
Is-ought gap
01:03:40    |    
Final words
01:03:50    |    
Final credits



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The Source and Nature of Rights (Part I)

26 de octubre de 2009   | Vistas: 111 |  

About this video

In this first video of a four-part seminar, Craig Biddle surveys common theories of rights—from God-given rights to man-made rights to so-called “natural” rights—and shows that each fails to ground rights in perceptual reality. Biddle then demonstrates that because rights are moral principles—principles regarding how people should be free to act—the task of grounding rights in reality includes that of grounding morality in reality and thus bridging the so-called “is-ought” gap.



Credits

The Source and Nature of Rights (Part I)
Common Theories of Rights and Why They Fall, Toward a Viable Theory of Rights

Craig Biddle

Student Center, CE-200
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Guatemala, October 26, 2009

New Media - UFM production.  Guatemala, November 2009
Camera: Joni Vasquez; digital editing: Mynor de León; index: Sergio Bustamante; synopsis: Craig Biddle; index reviser: Jennifer Keller; publication: Mario Pivaral/Carlos Petz




Craig Biddle writes and lectures on philosophical and political issues from an objectivist perspective, Objectivism, which is the philosophy created…

IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín