Transcript
  • 00:01    |    
    Initial credits
  • 00:24    |    
    Introduction
  • 02:52    |    
    Rights in the United States
    • Financial crisis
    • U.S. success and failure
  • 08:05    |    
    Objective foundation for principle of rights
  • 09:09    |    
    Radical ideas on Ayn Rand
  • 11:14    |    
    Outline of seminar
  • 13:15    |    
    Common theories of rights
  • 13:48    |    
    Approaches to rights in history
    • Rights come from God
    • Existence of God
    • Rights come from society
      • Social consensus
      • Quotations from advocates
      • Freedoms of action granted by law
    • Rights come from nature
      • Natural moral law
      • History of natural law
      • Source of natural rights
  • 22:28    |    
    Rights theorists
  • 23:40    |    
    Problems with the theories
  • 23:50    |    
    Rights come from God
  • Faith
  • 25:59    |    
    Rights come from society
  • Inexistence of rights
  • 28:32    |    
    Rights come from nature
    • What is the natural source of rights?
    • John Locke's view
      • God
      • Quotes John Locke
      • John Locke's definition of the law of nature
    • Quotes Thomas Jefferson
    • Quotes John Adams
    • Quotes Claude Frédéric Bastiat
    • Moral law
      • Quotes Hugo Grotius
      • Anchoring laws in nature
    • Definition of moral laws
    • Lack of specificity regarding moral laws
    • Absence of demonstrable proof
    • Quotes John N. Gray
  • 45:13    |    
    Ontology
  • 47:34    |    
    Fundamental branches of philosophy
  • One reality
  • 49:37    |    
    Freedom to act
  • 51:05    |    
    Ethics
  • 51:52    |    
    Mistake of Milton Friedman
  • Axioms
  • 53:36    |    
    Origin of moral principles
    • The is-ought dichotomy
    • The naturalistic fallacy
    • Goals
    • Morality
    • Pursuit of ends
    • Justification of goals
    • Derivation of moral principles
    • Quotes Charlie Dunbar Broad
    • Moral subjectivism
    • Is-ought gap
  • 01:03:40    |    
    Final words
  • 01:03:50    |    
    Final credits


The Source and Nature of Rights (Part I)

New Media  | 26 de octubre de 2009  | Vistas: 130

About this video

In this first video of a four-part seminar, Craig Biddle surveys common theories of rights—from God-given rights to man-made rights to so-called “natural” rights—and shows that each fails to ground rights in perceptual reality. Biddle then demonstrates that because rights are moral principles—principles regarding how people should be free to act—the task of grounding rights in reality includes that of grounding morality in reality and thus bridging the so-called “is-ought” gap.



Credits

The Source and Nature of Rights (Part I)
Common Theories of Rights and Why They Fall, Toward a Viable Theory of Rights

Craig Biddle

Student Center, CE-200
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Guatemala, October 26, 2009

New Media - UFM production.  Guatemala, November 2009
Camera: Joni Vasquez; digital editing: Mynor de León; index: Sergio Bustamante; synopsis: Craig Biddle; index reviser: Jennifer Keller; publication: Mario Pivaral/Carlos Petz




Conferencista

Craig Biddle writes and lectures on philosophical and political issues from…

IDEAS DE LA LIBERTAD

Nuestra misión es la enseñanza y difusión de los principios éticos, jurídicos y económicos de una sociedad de personas libres y responsables.

Universidad Francisco Marroquín